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Lands and Settlement


Israeli occupation continued to carry forward the implementation of its projects and judaisation policies in the Palestinian territories since its occupation of the West Bank in 1967, and followed a number of systematic projects and plans in order to achieve sovereignty and control over the Palestinian territories. Israeli occupation practiced cordon-and search policy to achieve the seizure of lands, and establishment of settlements, it also followed a strategy that enabled it to increase gains and achieve a number of targets by establishing settlements on the high mountains and places.

Another strategy Israeli occupation concentrated on is keeping settlements interrelated with each other , and this goal requires establishing more and more settlements and expansion of existing one, besides controlling agricultural and water resources that Palestinians are deprived from. The Israeli occupation has worked to provide incentives and rewards for residents of the settlements and provide privileges in various educational and economic aspects, besides reducing taxes on the residents.

Settlement activity constitutes a clear threat for peace and the two states solution, it also represents a clear violation of international law, international humanitarian law and the Fourth Geneva Convention upon which all assert that the occupying power shall not deport or transfer its civilians to the territories it occupied, and evacuation of protected persons is prohibited under international laws. Israeli occupation practices lack any legal reference which calls for urgent and concentrated action by the international community to intensify efforts and pressure on the Israeli government to meet the commitments it had made in this regard, in addition to resolutions issued by international organization including:-

· Security Council Resolution 2334,
which also affirms the previous resolutions regarding settlements.

.The Fourth Geneva Convention (the Protection of Civilian Persons in Time of War: article 49(6).(pg.:23)

.The Advisory opinion passed by the International Court of Justice (9 July, 2004).

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